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Main > Clinical Trials > Clincial Trails
WHAT ARE CLINCIAL TRIALS AND WHY ARE THEY IMPORTANT?
Research studies, which are designed by doctors and scientists, help find new ways to prevent and screen for cancers, identify new cancer treatments, increase chance of survival and improve the quality of life. Throughout the world, clinical trials have made an impact on our ability to provide the best care to out patients. In the strict regulation of these studies assures patients and their families of safety as well as protection of privacy.
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF TRIALS?
The trials are divided into four categories
The goals are to decrease the risk of developing malignancy, to develop more effective screening tests, to identify new treatment strategies, and to preserve the highest quality of life possible.
Trials are also divided by phases. For example, during Phase I of a trial, a new drug would be studied to determine how much and how often it should be administered. In a Phase II trail, the safety and efficacy of the drug are tested. In Phase III of a trial, compare the efficiency of the new drug to standard treatment.
WHO SPONSORS THESE TRIALS?
Funding for clinical trials depends on who designed the study. The Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG), which is the largest national cooperative group studying gynecologic cancers, receives its funding from the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Sometimes, academic institutions fund their own studies, or the doctors and health care personnel simply volunteer their time. Some commercial companies design and fun their own studies. These companies may conduct the trial, or they collaborate with academic institutions or physicians in clinical practice.
Regardless of the source of funding, each study proposal is subjected to intense scrutiny by impartial scientists and can only be conducted if approved. The study is carefully monitored to protect the safety of patients and preserve confidentiality.
WHY SHOULD I PARTICIPATE IN A CLINICAL TRIAL?
If you are “eligible” to participate in a trial, you should generally consider that treatment as your best option. There are several benefits for you. First, the treatment option may not be available to you otherwise. Second, researchers, your physicians, and the sponsors and regulatory groups responsible for the study will monitor your course of treatment. Third, you will be helping advance our knowledge and providing an invaluable service to your community.
HOW DO I FIND OUT IF I AM ELEGIBLE?
Your physician will bring to your attention any trials which address the problems you are facing. Participants must be in relatively good health, may not have other illnesses which would interfere with treatment, must be reliable and committed to adhere to the treatment plan.
WHAT DO MY DOCTORS THINK ABOUT CLINCIAL TRIALS?
The physicians and the staff of the Program in Women’s Oncology and